Lighting in Australia and New Zealand is a major contributor to energy use and cost in the residential sector, at around 1000–1100 kilowatt-hours per year. In both countries, more than 75% of residential lighting energy consumption is estimated to come from incandescent and halogen lamps.Minimum energy performance standards (MEPS) have been a key mechanism to drive performance improvements for lighting products manufactured in or imported into Australia and New Zealand. The MEPS program was implemented in a staged fashion, commencing with an Australian import restriction on tungsten filament incandescent lamps used for general lighting service (GLS) lamps on 1 February 2009. In November 2009 GLS tungsten filament and extra-low voltage (ELV) halogen non-reflector lamps were subject to the more traditional “point of sale” MEPS in Australia. The scope of MEPS for incandescent and halogen lamps was then broadened regularly until October 2012. Compact fluorescent lamps (CFLs) have been subject to MEPS in Australia since November 2009, and in New Zealand from October 2012.Since 2007 a significant body of knowledge has been accumulated about the MEPS program, and many other countries have adopted regulations which emulate the Australian inefficient incandescent lamp phase out. The global lighting market has also changed considerably, particularly with the introduction of light emitting diode (LED) lighting (the subject of a separate Product Profile to be released in early 2015). Note: commercial lighting products (including linear fluorescent lamps and ballasts currently subject to MEPS) will also be the subject of a separate Product Profile to be released in early 2015.Taking into account all these factors, it is considered timely to review the MEPS program for incandescent, halogen and compact fluorescent lamps and discuss a number of policy options for the future direction of the program. It is projected that a revised MEPS for incandescent, halogen and compact fluorescent lamps, by further shifting the market from incandescent lamps to efficient lighting such as CFLs and LEDs, could help reduce residential lighting energy use by approximately 65%.