The 4E Standby Annex, in conjunction with the Asia Pacific Partnership on Clean Development and Climate, has released a scoping study called Standby Power and Low Energy Networks - issues and directions.The study examines the issue of standby and networks, and documents key areas of existing knowledge with respect to networks. Key technical gaps and omissions with respect to networks and energy savings are identified, along with areas that may require further technical development. The report examines networked products and identifies where energy saving strategies can be implemented. A critical component is power management across all modes - shutting down unnecessary capacity or functions when they are not required while meeting all relevant user needs. Another element is to ensure that the power required for all functions is as low as possible, especially in low power modes.While this study does not provide a comprehensive catalogue of all possible energy saving solutions for networked products, it does provide a preliminary review of the major elements that could contribute to future low energy networks. It also develops a policy framework that could be used to implement requirements across a range of product types. The report identifies strategies and technical standards that could be used to improve energy consumption as well as areas where more work needs to be done. Avenues for further investigations which will require resource allocation are recommended to redress current shortcomings in the current knowledge base and tackle these issues.This report was prepared by Lloyd Harrington (Energy Efficient Strategies, Australia and Bruce Nordman (consultant USA) with assistance from Robert Harrison (consultant UK).